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National Biodiversity Strategic Action Plans (NBSAP)

National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) are the principal instruments for implementing the Convention at the national level (Article 6). The Convention requires countries to prepare a national biodiversity strategy (or equivalent instrument) and to ensure that this strategy is mainstreamed into the planning and activities of all those sectors whose activities can have an impact (positive and negative) on biodiversity.

To address these practices which lead to biodiversity loss, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) calls upon countries to develop national strategies, plans or programmes for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. Countries are also urged to integrate, as far as possible, the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity into relevant sectoral or cross-sectoral plans, programmes and policies.


NBSAP for Uganda

In order to meet these obligations, the Government of Uganda has prepared its National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) to provide a framework to guide the setting of conservation priorities, channeling of investments and building of the necessary capacity for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in the country.

A rich biodiversity benefiting present and future generations for national development

To enhance biodiversity conservation, sustainable utilization and equitable sharing of its benefits at all levels

1.To develop and strengthen co-ordination, measures and frameworks for biodiversity management;
2.To facilitate research, information management and information exchange on biodiversity;
3.To reduce and manage negative impacts on biodiversity;
4.To promote the sustainable use and a fair sharing of costs and benefits of biodiversity; and
5.To enhance awareness on biodiversity issues among the various stakeholders

Implementation strategy
The NBSAP envisages a life span of 10 years with a major review at the end of 5 years. It identifies institutional roles and responsibilities for biodiversity management in Uganda. It emphasizes the need to forge strong and effective collaboration between and among the various sectors and stakeholders.

During implementation, the NBSAP will integrate a range of economic instruments that aim at making biodiversity conservation financially profitable and economically worthwhile to all the groups whose activities have the most potential to impact on biodiversity, including the private sector and local communities. These will render actions contained in the NBSAP economically viable and socially desirable to all sectors of the population.

It also emphasizes the need for a strong co-ordination unit to monitor the various actions by the different institutions. The strategies identify lack of reliable data and the necessary human resources and institutional capacity and enforcement of laws and policies as the major limitations hindering effective management of biodiversity in Uganda. Therefore research, training and institutional capacity building are highlighted as important areas.

The NBSAP also recognizes that much of the biodiversity loss in Uganda is due to lack of awareness which encourages over-exploitation and unsustainable use of biological resources. The NBSAP emphasizes awareness among all the relevant sectors and stakeholders as an important strategic objective to promote biodiversity conservation in Uganda.

It is hoped that implementation of the NBSAP will contribute to Uganda wider goal of poverty alleviation as well as provide a framework for cross-sectoral co-operation in biodiversity matters.

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