CBD Programme work in Uganda - Page 2

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CBD Programme work in Uganda
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Programme Element 1: Direct actions for planning, selecting, establishing, strengthening, and managing, protected area systems and sites

Goal 1.1  To establish and strengthen national and regional systems of protected areas integrated into a global network as a contribution to globally agreed goals

Target: By 2010, terrestrially and 2012 in the marine area, a global network of comprehensive, representative and effectively managed national and regional protected area system is established as a contribution to (i) the goal of the Strategic Plan of the Convention and the World Summit on Sustainable Development of achieving a significant reduction in the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010; (ii) the Millennium Development Goals – particularly goal 7 on ensuring environmental sustainability; and (iii) the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation.

Uganda has made progress in this direction. The number of Ramsar sites for example increased has been increased from one to twelve. The following forest reserves were elevated to national parks to acode it more protection status: Mgahinga Gorilla National Park, Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Rwenzori Mountain National Patrk, Kibaal National Park, Semiliki National Park and Mount Elgon National Park.

Goal 1.2 To integrate protected areas into broader land- and seascapes and sectors so as to maintain ecological structure and function

Target: By 2015, all protected areas and protected area systems are integrated into the wider land- and seascape, and relevant sectors, by applying the ecosystem approach and taking into account ecological connectivity/ and the concept, where appropriate, of ecological networks.

Uganda has integrated ecosystem approach in natural resources management mainly focusing on restoration of degraded ecosystems and development of community based resttoratcion action plans.

Goal 1.3 To establish and strengthen regional networks, transboundary protected areas (TBPAs) and collaboration between neighbouring protected areas across national boundaries

Target: Establish and strengthen by 2010/2012 / transboundary protected areas, other forms of collaboration between neighbouring protected areas across national boundaries and regional networks, to enhance the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, implementing the ecosystem approach, and improving international cooperation.

Uganda has established collaborative arrangement for management of trans-boundary protected area systems for example a Memorandum between the 3 Protected Area Authorities in Uganda, Rwand and DR Congo was signed in Goma in January 2004, detailing collaboration objectives of Transboundary Collaborative Management of the Central Albertine Rift(CAR). As result of this collaboration, a Strategic Plan for the Transboundary protected areas and the entire CAR landscape developed as a framework to guide this collaboration over the next ten years.

Goal 1.4 To substantially improve site-based protected area planning and management

Target: All protected areas to have effective management in existence by 2012, using participatory and science-based site planning processes that incorporate clear biodiversity objectives, targets, management strategies and monitoring programmes, drawing upon existing methodologies and a long-term management plan with active stakeholder involvement.

Stakeholders are involved in the development and implementation of management plans for protected areas.

Goal 1.5  prevent and mitigate the negative impacts of key threats to protected areas

Target: By 2008, effective mechanisms for identifying and preventing, and/or mitigating the negative impacts of key threats to protected areas are in place.

In Uganda, management plans are developed to form the basis for sound management. The management plans highlights the threats to protected areas and the interventions needed.