Oil & Gas

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The issue of oil and gas is a global investment and the advantage of focusing on the oil and gas sectors is that they have tangible economic value, which Uganda will truly benefit from its exploration. Oil and Gas industry comprise of two parts - 'upstream- where exploration and production sector of the industry, and downstream"- where the sector deals with refining and processing the crude oil and gas products.

In Uganda, the Albertine Graben is one of the most important locations for the conservation of mammals, birds and freshwater fish in Africa. It has a variety of geological and biological features with complex ecosystems and high biological diversity. It is a home to many plants and animal species that are endemic for the region and it is the most important area for bird endemism in Africa. A wide variety of ecosystems and species are known to exist in the region. Albertine Graben has got a number of protected areas.

 

The Albertine Graben forms part of the Western arm of the East Africa Rift System. The Rift System is a unique physiographic region comprising of the rift escarpments, the block of the Rwenzoris and an extensive graben. The area has got several lakes including Lake Albert, Edward and George.

The Albertine area is a landscape of great relief contrast with both the lowest elevation in the country of about 620 metres above mean sea level and the highest elevation in the country of about 5110 metres above mean sea level on the Magherita peak in the Rwenzori Mountains. The Rift Valley extends for a total distance of over 500 km with widths averaging 45 km clich here to read more on this topic.

 

Potential Environmental impacts

Oil and gas exploration and production operations have the potential for variety of impacts on the environment. these 'impacts' depend upon the stage of the process, the size and the complexity of the project, the nature ans sensitivity of the surrounding environment and the effectiveness of planning, pollution prevention, mitigation and control techniques. these include;

  1. Human, socio-economic and cultural impacts
  2. Atmospheric impacts
  3. Aquatic impacts
  4. Terrestrial impacts
  5. Ecosystem impacts, potential emergencies and
  6. Environmental impacts in the context of protection policies and requirements